perennial

Red Queen Bishop's Hat

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Red Queen'

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Red Queen Bishop's Hat (Epimedium grandiflorum 'Red Queen') at Sargent's Gardens

Red Queen Bishop's Hat

Red Queen Bishop's Hat

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  14 inches

Spacing:  15 inches

Sunlight:  partial shade  full shade 

Hardiness Zone:  4a

Other Names:  Barrenwort, Bishop's Hat, Fairy Wings

Description:

Delicate shooting star-like red flowers; shield-shaped green leaves have reddish mottling in spring and fall; makes a great groundcover that is tolerant of dry shade once established; also grows well in moisture if well-drained

Ornamental Features

Red Queen Bishop's Hat features delicate nodding red star-shaped flowers with purple spurs rising above the foliage from mid to late spring. Its attractive heart-shaped leaves emerge red in spring, turning green in color with distinctive indian red edges. As an added bonus, the foliage turns a gorgeous brick red in the fall. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

Red Queen Bishop's Hat is a dense herbaceous evergreen perennial with a ground-hugging habit of growth. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition.

This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best cleaned up in early spring before it resumes active growth for the season. It is a good choice for attracting bees to your yard, but is not particularly attractive to deer who tend to leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Spreading

Red Queen Bishop's Hat is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Mass Planting
  • Border Edging
  • General Garden Use
  • Groundcover
  • Naturalizing And Woodland Gardens
  • Container Planting

Planting & Growing

Red Queen Bishop's Hat will grow to be about 14 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 18 inches. When grown in masses or used as a bedding plant, individual plants should be spaced approximately 15 inches apart. Its foliage tends to remain dense right to the ground, not requiring facer plants in front. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 10 years.

This plant does best in partial shade to shade. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist growing conditions, but will not tolerate any standing water. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for a low-water garden or xeriscape application. It is not particular as to soil pH, but grows best in rich soils. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This is a selected variety of a species not originally from North America. It can be propagated by division; however, as a cultivated variety, be aware that it may be subject to certain restrictions or prohibitions on propagation.

Red Queen Bishop's Hat is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. Because of its spreading habit of growth, it is ideally suited for use as a 'spiller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination; plant it near the edges where it can spill gracefully over the pot. Note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden. Be aware that in our climate, most plants cannot be expected to survive the winter if left in containers outdoors, and this plant is no exception. Contact our store for more information on how to protect it over the winter months.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Massing  Edging  Garden  Groundcover  Naturalizing  Container 
Applications
Flowers  Foliage Color  Fall Color  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features